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Упражнения на фразовые глаголы английского языка: от простых к сложным

Привет, друзья. Для начала предлагаем выполнить несложные задания, требующие подстановки подходящего по смыслу глагола или предлога.

Выполните перевод предложений на русский, обращая внимание на значение новых слов.

После выполнения заданий можно проанализировать свои ответы и, в случае ошибок, пройти их заново. Итак, вперед!

Упражнения на фразовые глаголы английского языка

Структура фразовых глаголов

Фразовые глаголы могут состоять из:
глагол + наречие throw away
глагол наречие предлог put up with

 

Положение дополнения в предложениях с фразовыми глаголами английского языка

Если фразовый глагол  состоит из глагола + наречия, положение дополнения (имя существительное) не фиксировано.

Например:

(i) между глаголом и наречием:

She took her coat offОна сняла своё пальто.

(ii) Или после наречия:

She took off her coat. Она сняла своё пальто.

Фразовые глаголы с предлогом состоят из:
глагол + предлог look after, look at, wait for, think about, talk about, complain about

Упражнения с ответами

Задание №1. Поставьте в предложения подходящие фразовые глаголы с предлогом up в необходимой грамматической форме.

wake – pick – bring — eat — give – look – set — get — tidy – break

1. You shouldn’t … up boxing. You are really talented.

2. I haven’t … up the living-room. It’s dirty.

3. Don’t … her up too early in the morning.

4. I always … up the new words in the dictionary.

5. My brother will … me up at the airport.

6. She usually … up at 5 to milk her cow.

7. Sorry to hear that Harry … up with his girlfriend yesterday.

8. I’m going to … up a joint venture.

9. Boys, stop chatting and … up your breakfast.

10. Little Alice was … up by a nanny.

Задание №2. Поставьте в предложения подходящие фразовые глаголы с предлогом on в необходимой грамматической форме.

carry — try – hold – count – take — come — switch – be — put

1. You can … on these trousers in the fitting-room.

2. Don’t … on the TV during a heavy storm.

3. If you keep silence I will … on reading the fairy-tale.

4. I have to … on my scarf, I’ve got a sore throat.

5. Kate is light-minded. I can’t … on her in trouble.

6. … on a second. I will call my sister.

7. Shall we go to the cinema? There … a new blockbuster on tonight.

8. … on, guys! We shall win!

9. Our company … on some new workers on Monday.

Задание №3. Поставьте в предложения подходящие фразовые глаголы с предлогом out в необходимой грамматической форме.

watch – find — eat — break – make — blow – clear — go – turn — count

1. In hot weather the fire can … out quite easily.

2. Tim has to … out 10 candles on his birthday cake today.

3. I’m tired of staying inside. Why don’t we … out somewhere?

4. I’m tired of cooking at home. Why don’t we … out somewhere?

5. … out! The monkeys are going to attack.

6. If you go to the party tonight, … me out. I won’t go.

7. We couldn’t … out the meaning of her poem.

8. Mike … out a successful designer.

9. You must … out his address and phone number.

10. Last week we … out the old bookcase in our room.

Задание №4.  Выберите подходящий по смыслу вариант предлога.

in      into     off     on     on     out    over     with

  1. Remember to go ____ your essay checking for grammar and spelling mistakes before you hand it in to the teacher.
  2. The bag really goes _______ your shoes.
  3. I’ll just go and find out what’s going _______ outside.
  4. He is planning to go ________ for politics after graduating from university.
  5. Please close the door as you go ______.
  6. I’d rather not go _____ detail now. can we discuss it later?
  7. Stop talking and go _______ writing!
  8. This bacon smells awful. I think it’s gone _________.

Задание №5. Выберите подходящий по смыслу вариант предлога.

  1. There is a tradition in Russia – to pick (up, on, off) garbage and collect old leaves in spring to make lawns and streets clean.
  2. “Please, turn (on, off, around) very slowly, so that I could take a good look at you.”
  3. I was looking (after, for, of) my keys for half an hour in the morning.
  4. He had to sit (up, down, on) to have a better view of a picture.
  5. Their car has broken (down, off, up) so that they had to take a taxi.
  6. “These are the shoes that I’ve been looking for! I need to try them (of, in, on) immediately!”
  7. He felt nervous to come (on, in, out) and see what was behind the door.
  8. She wanted to find (up, out, in) the truth about her friend as soon as possible.
  9. The lecture was called (off, of, after) and students went to the nearest café.
  10. Everyone knows that it is not easy to bring (for, of, up) children nowadays.
  11. “Hey, come (in, after, on), or we are going to be late!”
  12. If you give (up, off, in) now, there is no way back.
  13. They walked (out, in, away) without looking back.
  14. Everyone stood (on, down, up) to meet the president of a company.
  15. To run (after, for, away) from problems is not the best way to solve them.
  16. I decided to carry (up, for, on) with my studying.
  17. “Hold (on, of, in) a minute, I’ll ask him to come here.”
  18. He had to get (in, for, up) very quickly in the morning not to be late for the meeting.
  19. Please, turn (off, up, on) the light, it’s too dark already, and turn (on, off, in) TV, let’s talk.
  20. If you are sure that you are right – then go (on, after, for) talking.

Ответы

KEYS-ANSWERS-PDF

Надеемся, что вы успешно завершили упражнения на разные фразовые глаголы английского языка. Не расстраивайтесь, если допустили в работе мелкие ошибки. Умение приходит с практикой: старайтесь чаще использовать фразовые глаголы в своей речи, и вы обязательно разовьете в себе навык их правильного употребления. Успехов в совершенствовании языка и до новых встреч!

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