Привет, дорогие друзья. Две английские формы времени Present Perfect Continuous и Present Perfect Simple обозначают события, которые начались в прошлом и продолжаются, либо закончились к определенному моменту в настоящем.
Главное отличие Present Perfect Continuous от Present Perfect Simple заключается в том, что в первом случае нам важно показать длительность действия, а во втором — подчеркнуть, что одно событие завершилось к определенному моменту времени.
Present perfect continuous
I’ve been painting my bedroom.
There is paint on Tom’s clothes.
He has been painting her bedroom.
Has been painting is the present perfect continuous.
We are thinking of the activity. It does not
matter whether it has been finished or not.
In this example, the activity (painting the
bedroom) has not been finished.
Упражнения на Present Perfect с ответами
Present perfect simple
I’ve painted my bedroom.
His bedroom was yellow. Now it is green.
He has painted his bedroom.
Has painted is the present perfect simple.
Here, the important thing is that something has been finished . Has painted is a completed
action. We are interested in the result of the activity (the painted bedroom), not the activity itself.
Pesent perfect continuous
My hands are very dirty. I’ve been
repairing your bike.
Ellen has been eating too much recently.
She should eat less.
It’s nice to see you again. What have
you been doing since we last met?
Where have you been? Have you been
We use the continuous to say how long (for something that is still happening):
How long have you been writing that later?
Ben is writing emails. He’s been
writing emails all morning.
We’ve been playing football since
I’m learning France, but I haven’t been
Learning it very long.
Present perfect simple
My bike is OK again now. I’ve
Somebody has eaten all the
chocolates. The box is empty.
Where’s the notebook I gave you? What
have you done with it?
Have you ever played football?
We use the simple to say how much, how many or how many times:
How much of that book have you read?
Ben is writing emails. He’s sent lots of
emails this morning.
We’ve played football two times this Month.
I’m learning France, but I haven’t learnt very much yet.
Some verbs (for example, know/Like/ believe) are not normally used in the continuous:
I’ve known about the problem for a long time. (not I’ve been knowing)
How long have you had that pen? (not have you been having)