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Present Perfect continues (I have been doing)

Present Perfect continues (I have been doing)

Present Perfect continues

Is it raining?

No, but the ground is wet.

It has been raining.

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The present perfect continuous tense / Настоящее совершенное длительное время – Употребляется для выражения длительного действия, которое началось в прошлом и продолжается в течении некоторого времени и закончилось перед настоящим моментом. Период времени обозначается обстоятельствами времени, выраженными сочетаниями с предлогами:

for a long time / for  a week /

since early morning / since two o’clock /

Начальный момент может так же обозначатся временным придаточным предложением, вводимым союзом since.

present perfect continuous переводится на русский язык либо настоящим, либо прошедшем временем глагола не совершенного вида.

    Ann is very tired as she has been reading  a book for two hours. Аня очень устала, так как она читала книгу в течение двух часов. 

 Have/has been -ing is the present perfect continuous:

present perfect continuous

present perfect continuous

 We use the present perfect continuous for an activity that has recently stopped or just stopped.

You’re out of  breath. Have you been running? (= you’re out of breath now)

Ellen is very tired. She’s been working very hard. (= she’s tired now)

Why is your T-short so dirty? What have you been doing?

I’ve been talking to Tom about the problem and he agrees with me.

Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you everywhere.

It has been raining for three hours.

present perfect continuous

It began raining three hours ago and it is still raining.

How long has it been raining?

It has been raining for three hours.

We use the present perfect continuous in this way especially

with how Long, for … and  since …. The activity is still

happening (as in this example) or has just stopped.

How Long have you been Learning France? (=you’re still learning France)

Ann is still watching TV. She’s been watching TV all day.

Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you for the Last half hour.

Tom hasn’t been feeling well recently.

You can use the present perfect continuous for actions repeated over a period of time:

Chris is a very good tennis player. He’s been playing since he was seven.

Every morning we meet in the same cafe. We’ve been going there for two years.

Сравните  I am doing and I have been doing:

Present continuous:

present continuous

Don’t disturb me now. I’m working.

We need an umbrella. It’s raining.

Hurry up! We’re waiting.

Present perfect continuous:

Present perfect continuous

I’ve been working hard. Now I’m going

to have a break.

The ground is wet. lt’s been raining.

We’ve been waiting for two hours.

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