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Present simple. Понятное правило, много упражнений с ответами

Привет, Друзья! Present Simple Tense – это одно из самых часто употребляемых времен. Время Present Simple обозначает действие в настоящем в широком смысле слова.

Оно употребляется для обозначения обычных, регулярно повторяющихся или постоянных действий, например, когда мы говорим о чьих-либо привычках, режиме дня, расписании и т. д., т. е.

Present Simple обозначает действия, которые происходят в настоящее время, но не привязаны именно к моменту речи.

Образование Present Simple

Образование Present Simple

 Упражнение 1.  Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple.

  1. One fly_____________ (to fly) , two flies _____________ (to fly).
  2. One girl _____________ (to cry), four girls _____________ (to cry).
  3. When a wolf _____________ (to see) the moon, it _____________ (to begin) to howl (выть).
  4. Wolves and sheep _____________ (to be) never friends.
  5. Our hens _____________ (to lay [откладывать]) a lot of eggs.
  6. Boys _____________ (to fight) and_____________ (to shout).
  7. That boy _____________ (to try) to catch some balls.
  8. These girls _____________ (to try) to run away from an angry turkey.
  9. If one goose _____________ (to have) one tooth, how many teeth _____________ (to have) thirteen geese?

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple.

1. Alice (to have) a sister.
2. Her sister’s name (to be) Ann.
3. Ann (to be) a student.
4. She (to get) up at seven o’clock.
5. She (to go) to the institute in the morning.
6. Jane (to be) fond of sports.
7. She (to do) her morning exercises every day.
8. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea.
9. After breakfast she (to go) to the institute.
10. Sometimes she (to take) a bus.
11. It (to take) her an hour and a half to do her homework.
12. She (to speak) English well.
13. Her friends usually (to call) her at about 8 o’clock.
14. Ann (to take) a shower before going to bed.
15. She (to go) to bed at 11 p. m.

 

Упражнение 3. Образуйте отрицательную и вопросительную форму предложений.

1. I visit my parents very often.
2. They live in Great Britain.
3. He goes to school by bus.
4. She lives in this house.
5. He wants to be a doctor.
6. They play tennis every Sunday.
7. We work every day.
8. My sister goes to bed at nine.
9. Usually I have dinner very late.
10. My brother watches TV every evening.
11. She likes classical music.
12. We go to the theatre once a month.

Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple.

1. My working day (to begin) at seven o’clock.
2. I (not to walk) to work every morning.
3. She (to do) her morning exercises every day.
4. He (to speak) German.
5. I (to visit) my friend every week.
6. Her first class (to start) at eight o’clock.
7. Ann (not to read) a lot.
8. He always (to invite) his friends to his birthday party.
9. I (to go) for a walk every day.
10. She (to wash) her car once a week.

Упражнение 5. Переведите на английский язык:

1. Она занята. (to be busy)
2. Я не занят.
3. Вы заняты?
4. Они дома? (to be at home)
5. Его нет дома.
6. Я не знаю.
7. Они знают?
8. Она не знает.
9. Кто знает?
10. Никто не знает.
11. Он читает английские книги? (to read English books)
12. Они никогда не читают. (never / to read)
13. У неё есть квартира? (to have a flat)
14. У него ничего нет.
15. Это кто?

Упражнение 6. Переведите на английский язык:

1. Я ученик. Я в школе.
________________________________________________________________

2. Мой брат худож­ник. Он не инженер.
________________________________________________________________

3. Моя сестра на работе. Она врач.
________________________________________________________________

4. Он студент.
________________________________________________________________

5. Вы студент? — Нет, я врач.
________________________________________________________________

6. Моя сестра дома.
________________________________________________________________

7. Мы не в школе. Мы дома.
________________________________________________________________

8. Мой брат ученик. Он в школе.
________________________________________________________________

9. Ваша мама дома? — Нет, она на работе.
________________________________________________________________

10. Ваш двоюрод­ный брат дома? — Нет, он в школе. Он ученик.
________________________________________________________________

11.  Ваша сестра учительница? — Нет, она сту­дентка.
________________________________________________________________

12. Твой папа на работе? — Нет, он дома.
________________________________________________________________

13. Твоя сестра дизайнер? — Да, — Она дома? — Нет, она на работе.
________________________________________________________________

14. Мой дедушка ученый.
________________________________________________________________

15. Моя мама не учительница. Она врач.

Present simple vs present continuous

present simple vs present continuous

Ответы к упражнениям

Упражнение 1.

1 flies/fly
2 cries/cry
3 sees/begins
4 are
5 lay
6 fight/shout
7 tries
8 try
9 has/have

Упражнение 2.

1 — has
2 — is
3 — is
4 — gets
5 — goes
6 — is
7 – does
8 — has
9 — goes
10 — takes
11 — takes
12 — speaks
13 — call
14 — takes
15 – goes

 

Упражнение 3.

1. Do I visit … ? I do not (=don’t) visit …
2. Do they live … ? They do not (=don’t) live …
3. Does he go … ? He does not (=doesn’t) go …
4. Does she live … ? She does not (=doesn’t) live …
5. Does he want … ? He does not (=doesn’t) want …
6. Do they play … ? They do not (=don’t) play …
7. Do we work … ? We do not (=don’t) work …
8. Does my sister go … ? My sister does not (doesn’t) go …
9. Do I usually have dinner … ? Usually I do not (=don’t) have dinner …
10. Does my brother watch … ? My brother does not (doesn’t) watch …
11. Does she like … ? She does not (=doesn’t) like …
12. Do we go … ? We do not (=don’t) go …

Упражнение 4.

1. begins
2. do not (=don’t) walk
3. does
4. speaks
5. visit
6. starts
7. does not (=doesn’t) read
8. invites
9. go
10 washes

Упражнение 5.

1 – She is busy
2 – I am not busy
3 – Are you busy?
4 – Are they at home?
5 – He is not at home
6 – I don’t know
7 – Do they know?
8 – She doesn’t know
9 – Who knows?
10 – No one (=Nobody) knows
11 – Does he read English books?
12 – They never read
13 – Does she have a flat?
14 – He doesn’t have anything (=He has nothing)
15 – Who is it?

Упражнение 6.

1. I am a pupil. I am at school.
2. My brother is a painter. He is not an engineer.
3. My sister is at work. She is a doctor.
4. He is a student.
5. Are you a student? – No, I am a doctor.
6. My sister is at home.
7. We are not at school. We are at home.
8. My brother is a pupil. He is at school.
9. Is your mother at home? – No, she is at work.
10. Is your cousin at home? – No, he is at school. He is a pupil.
11. Is your sister a teacher? – No, she is a student.
12. Is your father at work? – No, he is at home.
13. Is your sister a designer? – Yes. – Is she at home? – No, she is at work.
14. My grandfather is a scientist.
15. My mother is not a teacher. She is a doctor.

 

PRESENT SIMPLE. Много упражнений.

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