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Упражнения на отработку Present Perfect с ответами

Привет, Друзья. Настоящее совершённое время образуется при помощи глагола have / has + Past participle (причастие прошедшего времени)

Present perfect описывает действия, которые произошли в какой-либо неуказанный момент в прошлом, точный момент совершения действия не важен, важен сам факт его совершения.

Схема  образования Present Perfect

Определение Present Perfect

Основные случаи и ситуации применения Present perfect:

— опыт
— перемены в течение времени- достижения
— невыполненное ожидаемое действие
— частые действия в прошлом

Present Perfect

Упражнения на Present Perfect

Упражнение 1. Дополните предложения правильной формой Present Perfect.

  1. I know who your boss is. I (work) for him.
  2. Look! Somebody already (broke) the tree.
  3. Mary (go) to Moskow, but she’ll be back next Monday at the latest.
  4. Andy is in hospital now. He (have) a bad crash.
  5. Jane is crying. She (hurt) her knee.

Упражнение 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect.

  1. He _____ (finish) training.
  2. She _____ (score) twenty points in the match.
  3. We _____ (watch) all the Champions League matches this season.
  4. That’s amazing! She _____ (run)  fifteen kilometers this morning!
  5. She _____  (buy)  some really nice rollerblades!
  6. Oh, no! I  _____ (lose) my money!
  7. My mum _____ (write) shopping list. It’s on the kitchen table.
  8. Dad, you _____ (eat) my biscuit!
  9. I’m tired. I  _____ (watch) three X-Files videos.
  10. Hurry up! They  _____ (start) the film!
  11. Mary  _____ (study) hard this year, so she’ll pass her exams.
  12. Oh no! She  _____  (drop) the plate!
  13. The garden is very green. It  _____ (rain) a lot this month.
  14. These are my favourite trousers. I  _____ (have) them for five years.
  15. Tom’s my best friend. I  _____ (know) him for three years.
  16. They _____  (live) in Miami for two years.
  17. Jo has earache. He  _____ (have) it since 7 o’clock.
  18. Brad _____ (live) in Chicago since 1998.

Упражнение 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect negative.

  1. I _____ (not clean) my football boots.
  2. They _____ (not start) their meal.
  3. I  _____ (not do) my homework.
  4. He _____  (not win)  all his matches this year.
  5. My brother and I _____  (not see) any films this week.
  6. It’s my birthday party today. I  _____ (not invite) many people.
  7. He  _____  (not wash) his hands. They’re very dirty.
  8. Mum’s really angry. We _____  (not tidy) our room!
  9. I can’t play with my friends this evening. I  _____ (not finish) my homework.
  10. I  _____  (not visit) New York for three years.
  11. Where’s Alison? We  _____  (not see) her since yesterday.
  12. Dad   _____ (not take) a holiday since last August.
  13. John  _____ (not play) the violin since he was school.

Упражнение 4. Расставьте слова по порядку. Переведите получившиеся предложения.

  1. have – Britain – several – I – to – times – been
  2. Spain – since – she – lived – in – 1994 – has
  3. five – married – have – they – years – been – for
  4. I – coffee – made – already – for – have – you
  5. never – Bob – a bike – has – had

Упражнение 5. Поставьте наречия из скобок в нужное место.

  1. Have you washed your hands? (already)
  2. We have phoned the doctor. (just)
  3. Has she ridden a horse? (ever)
  4. I have danced the tango. (never)
  5. The train hasn’t arrived. (yet)

Упражнение 6. Переведите предложения:

  1. Я ещё никогда не был за границей.
  2. Мои родители уже переехали в новую квартиру.
  3. Он ещё не закончил уборку. Когда я был в командировке, я познакомился с прекрасной девушкой.
  4. Я видел эту комедию трижды.
  5. Ты уже читал сегодняшнюю газету?
  6. Мы играли в компьютерные игры с 1 до 3.

Всё о времени PRESENT PERFECT

Ответы

Упражнение 1

  1. have worked
  2. has already broken
  3. has gone
  4. has had
  5. has hurt

Упражнение 2

1 has finished,
2 has scored,
3 have watched,
4 has run,
5 has bought,
6 have lost,
7 has written,
8 have eaten,
9 have watched,
10 have started,
11 has studied,
12 has dropped,
13 has rained,
14 have had,
15 have known,
16 have lived,
17 has had,
18 has lived.

Упражнение 3

1 have not cleaned,
2 haven’t started,
3 have not done,
4 hasn’t won,
5 haven’t seen,
6 haven’t invited,
7 has not washed,
8 haven’t tidied,
9 haven’t finished,
10 have not visited,
11 haven’t seen,
12 hasn’t taken,
13 has not played.

Упражнение 4

  1. I have been to Britain several times. (Я был в Британии несколько раз.)
  2. She has lived in Spain since 1994. (Она живет в Испании с 1994 года.)
  3. They have been married for five years. (Они женаты в течение 5 лет.)
  4. I have already made coffee for you. (Я уже сделал кофе для тебя.)
  5. Bob has never had a bike. (У Боба никогда не было мотоцикла.)

Упражнение 5

  1. Have you already washed your hands? (Ты уже помыл руки?)
  2. We have just phoned the doctor. (Мы только что позвонили доктору.)
  3. Has she ever ridden a horse? (Ты когда-либо каталась верхом на лошади?)
  4. I have never danced the tango. (Я никогда не танцевала танго.)
  5. The train hasn’t arrived yet. (Поезд еще не прибыл.)

Упражнение 6

  1. I have never been abroad.
  2. My parents have already moved into a new apartment.
  3. He hasn’t finished cleaning yet.
  4. When I was in business trip I have made the acquaintance with beautiful girl.
  5. I have seen this comedy three times.
  6. Have you ever read today newspaper?
  7. We have played computer games since 1 to 3 pm.

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