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Фонетика английского языка. Произношение звуков носителем языка.

Фонетика английского языка

Фонетика английского языка очень важная тема в английском языке. С этой темы в первую очередь следует начать изучение английского языка.  Вы спросите почему именно с этой темы следует начать учить английский?     Ответ очевиден так как именно в этой теме рассказывается как правильно произносить английские звуки,  и что для этого необходимо делать. Уделите большое внимания этим урокам так как именно от них будет зависеть качество вашего произношения английских слов.
Для вас подготовлены 23 видео (pronunciation tips) на английском языке хорошего качества, озвученные преподавателем носителя языка.В этих видео уроках  подробно объясняют английскую фонетику, и произношение английских звуков. Старайтесь  произносить все звуки и слова  за преподавателем.

Смотреть  видео : Фонетика английского языка(23 видео)

Запомните эту таблицу звуков:

 Буквенное сочетание  Звуки  (Примерное)
произношение
звуков
 Примеры слов
 ar / al   [a:] «a:   car, park, calm
 all [ↄ:] «о:» tall, ball
 ee / ea [i:] «и:»  see, tea
 er / or (на конце слова) [ә] «э» слабое doctor, better
 oo [u], [u:] «у»,
«у:»
book, school
 oy / oi [ↄɪ] «ой» boy, boil
 ow / ou [au] «ау» how, mouse
 or /our /oar /oor [ↄ:] «о:»   horse, four, board, door
 ir / ur / er [ɜ:] (ә:) «ё» bird, turn, berth
 ere / ear [ɪә] «иэ» here, hear
 air / ear / ere   [eә] (ɛә)  «эа»   hair, wear, where
 sh [ʃ]   «ш» ship, shop
 tion / cion / sion (на конце слова) [ʃn] «шн»   situation, suspicion, admission
 ch [ʧ] «ч» cheese, cheap
 ph [f] «ф» phone, physics
 th [ð], [Ѳ]   this, thanks
 dg [ʤ] «дж» judge
 zh [ʒ] «ж»   Voronezh
 sure (на конце слова) [ʒ] «ж» treasure, measure
 ng [ŋ] «н» носовой sing, song

 

 

English Vowel Sounds

Sounds Letters Examples Notes
[i:] e, eeeaie, ei be, eve, see, meet, sleep,meal, read, leave, sea, team,field, believe, receive been [i];bread, deaf [e];great, break [ei];friend [e]
[i] iy it, kiss, tip, pick, dinner,system, busy, pity, sunny machine, ski,liter, pizza [i:]
[e] eea let, tell, press, send, end,bread, dead, weather, leather meter [i:]sea, mean [i:]
[ei] aai, ayei, eyea late, make, race, able, stable,aim, wait, play, say, day,eight, weight, they, hey,break, great, steak said, says [e];height, eye [ai]
[æ] a cat, apple, land, travel, mad;AmE: last, class, dance, castle, half
[a:] ara army, car, party, garden, park,father, calm, palm, drama;BrE: last, class, dance, castle, half war, warm [o:]
[ai] i, iey, uy ice, find, smile, tie, lie, die,my, style, apply, buy, guy
[au] ouow out, about, house, mouse,now, brown, cow, owl, powder group, soup [u:]know, own [ou]
[o] o not, rock, model, bottle, copy
[o:] oroaw, auoughtal, wa- more, order, cord, port,long, gone, cost, coffee,law, saw, pause, because,bought, thought, caught,hall, always, water, war, want work, word [ər]
[oi] oi, oy oil, voice, noise, boy, toy
[ou] ooa, ow go, note, open, old, most,road, boat, low, own, bowl do, move [u:]how, owl [au]
[yu:] ueweuue, ui use, duty, music, cute, huge, tune,few, dew, mew, new,euphemism, feud, neutral,hue, cue, due, sue, suit
[u:] uo, ooewue, uiou

 

rude, Lucy, June,do, move, room, tool,crew, chew, flew, jewel,blue, true, fruit, juice,group, through, route;

AmE: duty, new, sue, student

guide, quite [ai];build [i]
[u] oouou look, book, foot, good,put, push, pull, full, sugar,would, could, should
neutral sound [ə] u, ooua, eo, i gun, cut, son, money, love,tough, enough, rough,about, brutal, taken, violent,memory, reason, family Also:stressed, [ʌ];unstressed, [ə].
[ər] er, ur, iror, arear serve, herb, burn, hurt, girl, sir,work, word, doctor, dollar,heard, earn, earnest, earth heart, hearth [a:]

 

English Consonant Sounds

Letters Sounds Examples
b [b] baby, best, buy, bring, blind, absent, about, number, labor, robber, tub
c [s][k] center, cellar, cigarette, cinema, agency, notice;cake, come, cucumber, clean, cry, scratch, act, panic
d [d] day, dear, die, door, duty, admire, hidden, lady, kind, ride, ended
f [f] fast, female, five, forest, fund, fry, flight, often, deaf, cuff
g [g][j][zh] game, gap, get, go, gun, great, global, giggle, ago, begin, dog, egg;general, gin, giant, agent, suggest, Egypt, energy, huge, manage;mirage, garage, beige, rouge
h [h][-] hair, help, history, home, hotel, hunt, behind, inherit;hour, honor, honest, heir, vehicle, Sarah
j [j] jam, Jane, jet, jelly, Jim, jingle, joke, John, June, just
k [k] Kate, kind, kill, kilogram, sky, blanket, break, take, look
l [l] late, let, live, alone, close, slim, please, old, nicely, table, file, all
m [m] make, men, mind, mother, must, my, common, summer, name, form, team
n [n] napkin, never, night, no, nuclear, funny, student, kindness, ton, sun
p [p] paper, person, pick, pour, public, repair, apple, keep, top, crisp
q (qu) [kw][k] quality, question, quite, quote, equal, require;unique, technique, antique, grotesque
r [r] rain, red, rise, brief, grow, scream, truck, arrive, hurry, turn, more, car
s [s][z] send, simple, song, system, street, lost, kiss, release;cause, present, reason, realism, advise, always, is, was
t [t] task, tell, time, tone, tune, hotel, attentive, student, boat, rest
v [v] vast, vein, vivid, voice, even, review, invest, give, move, active
w [w] wall, war, way, west, wind, word, would, swear, swim, twenty, twist
x [ks][gz][z] exercise, exchange, expect, ex-wife, axis, fix, relax;exam, exact, executive, exert, exist, exit, exult;Xenon, Xerox, xenophobia, xylophone
z [z][ts] zero, zoo, horizon, puzzle, crazy, organize, quiz, jazz;pizza, Mozart, Nazi, waltz

Рекомендую прочитать: Как научиться читать по английски

Introduction to Teaching Pronunciation Workshop — Adrian Underhill:

Прочитайте вторую часть с примерами применения каждого звука.

Класс!!!Китайские шашки



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