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Артикли с географическими названиями. Упражнения на постановку артикля

Привет! С артиклем the две беды: либо его ставят перед любым словом, либо про него забывают и не используют вообще.

Дело в том, что с одними географическими названиями определенный артикль the употребляется, а с другими – нет. Чтобы разобраться, нужно запомнить ряд правил и исключений.

Мы подготовили для вас таблицу, из которой вы узнаете, с какими названиями нужно использовать the. В этот материал мы включили общие случаи и правила, но не забывайте, что из каждого правила есть исключения.

Артикли с географическими названиями

Артикль the Без артикля
Стороны света

The North, the South, the East, the West

Полюса

The North Pole, the South Pole

Континенты

Europe, North America, South America, Australia, Africa

А также:

South Africa, South-East Asia

Регионы

The Far East, the north of Canada, the Middle East

Страны с названиями во множественном числе

The Philippines, the Netherlands, the United States, the Baltic States

Страны, названия которых включают слова: republic, union, kingdom, federation

The United Kingdom, the Czech Republic, the People’s Republic of China, the Russian Federation

Страны с названиями в единственном числе

France, Poland, Ukraine, Russia

Исключение: the Vatican

Штаты, провинции

California, Florida, Texas, Quebec

Города

Paris, London, Moscow, Kyiv

Исключение: the Hague

Океаны, моря, реки

The Atlantic Ocean, The Red Sea, the Thames

Группы озер

The Great Lakes

Отдельные озера

Lake Geneva, Lake Baikal

Группы островов

The Virgin Islands, the British Isles, the Canary Islands (the Canaries), the Kuril Islands (the Kurils), the Bahamas Islands (the Bahamas)

Отдельные острова

Greenland, Java, Cyprus, Madagascar, Sakhalin

Исключение: the Isle of Man

Горные массивы

The Rocky Mountains, the Andes, the Caucasus Mountains

Отдельные горы

Mount Vesuvius, mount Goverla, mount Elbrus

Равнины, долины, пустыни

The Great Plains, the Mississippi Valley, the Sahara Desert

Исключение: Death Valley, Silicon Valley

Заливы (gulfs)

The Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of Finland

Заливы (bays)

Hudson Bay, San Francisco Bay

но:

The Bay of Bengal

Упражнения на постановку артикля

Упражнение 1. Вставьте подходящий артикль в предложения.

Interesting facts about waterspaces.

  1. ___ BermudaTriangle is located in ___ Atlantic Ocean.
  2. The longest river of the world is ___ Nile River.
  3. The lowest lake of the world is ___ Dead Sea, the deepest lake is ___ Lake Baikal, the longest lake is ___ Tanganyika.
  4. ___ Lake Superior is the largest of ___ Great Lakes.
  5. In ___ Atlantic Ocean, ___ American Mediterranean Sea is the combination of the seas of ___ Gulf of Mexico and ___ Caribbean Sea.
  6. ___ Victoria Falls is the largest waterfall in the world. ___Tugela Falls is the world’s second tallest. Europe’s highest waterfall is ___ Utigard in Norway.

Упражнение 2. Вставьте подходящий артикль в предложения.

  1. During our unforgettable tour across ___ Europe we visited many countries: ___ France, ___ Belgium and ____ Netherlands in ___ Western Europe; ___ Spain and ___ Italy in ___Southern Europe; ___ Poland and ___Belarus in ___ Eastern Europe.
  2. The country I liked most of all was ___ amazing Italy. I got to know much about its history and culture. During the numerous excursions, I learned that ___ Medieval Italy was a real center of art.
  3. The capital city of ___ Italy is ___Rome. It is a city that is full of history. Walking in its streets you can easily imagine ___ Rome of ancient times, because there are a lot of historical evidence of those times.
  4. ___ Rome of today is a modern beautiful city with charming and hospitable inhabitants and a lot of tourists that are eager to do the sightseeing and to visit ___ Vatican.
  5. Next year I want to visit ____ South America and to ____ Buenos Aires in ____ Argentine.

Упражнение 3. Вставьте подходящий артикль в предложения.

  1. ___ Island of Madeira is historically Portuguese territory.
  2. ___ Arctic Archipelago extends from Canada to the northernmost of ___ Ellesmere Island.
  3. A journey to ___ Greenland may appear to be unbelievably interesting.
  4. ___ Virgin Islands, also known as ___ British Virgin Islands  or ___BVI, is a British territory to the east of Puerto Rico. The islands make up considerable part of ___ Virgin Islands archipelago; the remaining islands make up ___ US Virgin Islands and ___ Spanish Virgin Islands.
  5. ___ Borneo is situated in the waters of the South China Sea

Упражнение 4. Вставьте подходящий артикль в предложения.

  1. ___ Death Valley is located near the border of ___California and ___Nevada, in ___ Great Basin.
  2. There are two lighthouses near or in ___ Cape Horn.
  3. ___ Texas is the second most populous (after ___ California) and the second-largest (after___ Alaska) state.  Located in ___ south central part of the country, ___Texas borders on ___ Mexican states of ___ Chihuahua, ___ Coahuila, ___Nuevo León, and ___ Tamaulipas to ___ south.
  4. ___ Gobi covers part of ___ northern and ___northwestern China, and part of ___southern Mongolia. ___ Gobi is bounded by ___ Hexi Corridor and ___Tibetan Plateau to ___ southwest, by___ North China Plain to ___southeast. ___ Gobi is notable in history as part of ___ Silk Road.

Упражнение 5. Вставьте подходящий артикль в предложения.

  1. ___ North Pole is also known as ___ Geographic North Pole or ___Terrestrial North Pole It is defined as the point in ___ Northern Hemisphere where ___ Earth’s axis of rotation meets its surface. Don’t confuse it with ___ North Magnetic Pole.
  2. ___East is one of the four compass points. It is the opposite of ___west and is perpendicular to___ north and ___south.
  3. We went from ___ East to ___West
  4. ___ North Pole lies diametrically opposite ___ South Pole
  5. My dwelling is in ___ South of the country.
  6. Go straight ___ north.

Артикли с географическими названиями

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